• Objectives
  • The Writing Process
  • Introduction to Academic Essays
  • Process Essays
  • Comparison Essays
  • Problem/Solution Essays
  • More Writing Skills
  • Glossary
  • Answer Key
  • Download
  • Translations
  • Complex Sentences Part 1

    Dependent Clauses

    A dependent clause is an idea that is not complete. It has a subject and verb, but it also has a word that requires more detail.

    Because is a clear example of a word that makes an idea a dependent clause. A clause that begins with because cannot be used alone. You need to connect it to an independent clause for the idea to be complete.

    When a sentence has a dependent clause and an independent clause, it is called a complex sentence. There are many different types of dependent clauses. We use the different clauses to show different connections between ideas.

    Time Clauses

    A specific type of dependent clause is a time clause. These clauses have a time word that requires more information to show the sequence of actions. Common time words are after, before, when, while, whenever, since, and until.

    When you start a sentence with the dependent clause, you need a comma to connect the clauses.

    When you start the sentence with the independent clause, you do not need a comma to connect the sentences.

    This content is provided to you freely by BYU-I Books.

    Access it online or download it at https://books.byui.edu/academic_a_writing/complex_sentences_part_1.