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ContentINNATE IMMUNITY AND INFLAMMATION Innate Immunity The First Line of Defense The Second Line of Defense – Inflammation and Complement System Characteristics of Inflammation The Inflammatory Response Drugs for Inflammation and Dietary Contributions The Complement System ADAPTIVE IMMUNITY, LEUKEMIA, AND OTHER BLOOD CELL PATHOLOGIES Adaptive Immunity Lymphoid Tissue Thymic Selection Antigens and Antigen Processing Humoral Immunity Cell-Mediated Immunity Type I Hypersensitivity Type II Hypersensitivity Type III Hypersensitivity Type IV Hypersensitivity Neutropenia, Mononucleosis, Leukemia and Lymphoma Hematopoiesis and Colony-Stimulating Factors Neutropenia Infectious Mononucleosis Leukemia Lymphoma Multiple Myeloma HEMOSTASIS AND RED BLOOD CELLS Hemostasis Healthy Endothelium – Endogenous Antiplatelets and Anticoagulants The Stages of Hemostasis Inherited (Primary) Disorders NOT Involving Platelets Inherited (Primary) Disorders Involving Platelets Acquired (Secondary) Disorders NOT Directly Involving Platelets Acquired (Secondary) Disorders Directly Involving Platelets Red Blood Cells Hemoglobin and the Breakdown of Hemoglobin Important Red Blood Cell Lab Tests Disorders of the Red Blood Cell Membrane Types of Thalassemia Role of Iron and Iron Deficiency Anemia Megaloblastic Anemias Aplastic and Chronic Disease Anemia Polycythemia CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM Disorders of Blood Vessels Lipid and Lipoprotein Processing Atherosclerosis Hypertension Hypotension Disorders of Venous Circulation Disorders of Arterial Circulation Disorders of the Heart Infective Endocarditis Rheumatic Heart Disease Cardiomyopathies Heart Failure Shock ENDOCRINE DISORDERS Endocrine Disorders (Adenomas, Prolactin, Growth Hormone, and Thyroid Hormone) Hypothalamic-Pituitary Regulation Pituitary Adenomas Prolactin (PRL) Disorders Growth Hormone Disorders Thyroid Hormone Disorders Endocrine Disorders (Aldosterone, Cortisol, and ADH) Adrenal Gland Aldosterone (Mineralocorticoid) Cortisol (Glucocorticoids) Anti-Diuretic Hormone (ADH) NEUROLOGICAL DISORDERS Disorders of Neuromuscular Function Muscular Dystrophy Disorders of the Neuromuscular Junction Polyneuropathies and Guillain-Barre Syndrome Parkinson’s Disease (PD) Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Disorders of Brain Function Stroke Meningitis and Encephalitis Seizures Dementia and Alzheimer’s Disease Narcolepsy MIDTERM EXAM DISORDERS OF GI FUNCTION Disorders of GI Function Part I GI Tract Anatomy Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) Inflammatory Bowel Disease Infectious Enterocolitis Clostridium difficile Colitis E. Coli 0157:H7 and HUS Disorders of GI Function Part II Diverticular Disease Intestinal Obstruction GI Issues Involving Gluten Disorders of the Esophagus Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Gastritis Peptic Ulcers RESPIRATORY DISORDERS Disorders of Respiratory Function Part I Disorders of the Pleura Pneumothorax Atelectasis Asthma Disorders of Respiratory Function Part II Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) The Common Cold and Rhinosinusitis Influenza Pneumonia Tuberculosis (TB) SKELETAL, VISION, AND HEARING DISORDERS Disorders of the Skeletal System Mechanisms of Bone Remodeling Osteopenia and Osteoporosis Osteomalacia, Rickets, and Paget’s Disease Osteoarthritis (OA) Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) Gout Vision and Hearing Disorders Conjunctivitis The Retina, Retinopathies, and Retinal Detachment Macular Degeneration Glaucoma Disorders of the Lens Disorders of Neural Pathways Disorders of the Ear - Otitis Disorders of the Ear - Otosclerosis, Tinnitus, and Hearing Loss PAIN, HEADACHE, AND REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM DISORDERS Pain and Headaches Introduction to Pain and Pain Assessments Pain Transduction Pain Transmission Pain Perception Pain Modulation The Gate-Control Theory of Pain Types of Pain Pain Medication Headaches Reproductive System Disorders Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia and Prostate Cancer Disorders of the Uterus Review of the Physiology of the Menstrual Cycle Disorders of the Ovary Breast Structures and Breast Cancer RENAL DISORDERS Renal Dysfunctions, PKD, Nephrotic and Nephritic Syndromes, and Obstructive Disorders Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD) Disorders of the Glomerulus Obstructive Disorders and Kidney Stones Kidney Functions Tests, UTI and AKI Kidney Function Tests Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) Acute Kidney Injury (AKI)
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