Wound Care


Proper wound care is essential to promote healing, prevent infection and minimize complications. Here are the general steps to follow for wound care. 

  1. Wash your hands: Before touching the wound, wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water to reduce the risk of introducing bacteria to the wound. Wear gloves if avaliable. 
  2. Control bleeding (if applicable): If the wound is bleeding, apply gentle pressure with a clean cloth or steril gauze to stop the bleeding. Elevating the wounded area can also help reduce blood flow. Depending on the area, elevating may not be possible. 
  3. Clean the wound: Gently rinse the wound with clean, running water or saline solution to remove dirt and debris. Avoid using harsh chemicals like hydrogen peroxide or alcohol , as they can damage tissue and delay healing.
  4. Pat dry and apply ointment (optional): After cleaning, pat the area around the wound dry with a clean, soft towel. You can apply a thin layer of antibiotic oitment, with a steril applicator if avaliable. 
  5. Appy a dressing: Cover the wound with an appropriate dressing, such as steril gauze or an adhesive bandage, to protect it from further contamination and to keep it moist. 
      1. When to use telfa pad. 
          • Superficial wounds: Telfa pads are suitable for superficial wounds like abrasions, minor burns, and small cuts. Example would be turf burns. These wounds typically have minimal or no drainage, and the non-stick surface helps prevent the dressing from sticking to the wound bed. 
  6. Change the dressing regularly: Depending on the wound's severity and type, change athe dressing regularly, typically once or twice a day or as advissed by your health care provider.
  7. Monitor for signs of infection. Watch for signs of infection, such as increased redness, swelling, warmth, pus, or worstening pain. If you suspect an infection, seek medical attention promptly. 
  8. Keep the wound dry and clean. Avoid exposing the wound to excessive moisture and keep it clean to prevent infections.
  9. Elevate the wounded area (if applicable): If the wound is on a limb, elevating it can help reduce swelling and improve blood flow to aid in the healing process.
  10. Seek medical attention for serious wounds. If the wound is deep, large, or caused by an animal or human bite, or if you are unsure how to properly care for the wound, seek medical attention properly.
  11. Remember, if you have any doubts or concerns about wound care, it's best to consult a healthcare professional for personalized guidance and treatment.

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